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funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> libya's leader laughs off international condemnation. his forces are preparing to retake lost ground. muammar gaddafi speaks to the bbc. he says he is not going anywhere. >> they love me. all of my people, they love me. they would die to protect me, my people. >> welcome to gmt. a nation comes to a halt. new zealand is remembering the victims of christ church -- christchurch earthquake. we talk to the prime minister. >> while this has been
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devastating, we're going to come through this. we are a very small, tight-knit community. we support one another. >> jane russell, the hollywood pinup of the 1940's and 1950's, dies at the age of 89. >> ♪ >> it is midday here in london, 6:00 p.m. in dodi, and 2:00 p.m. in the libyan capital of tripoli. there are signs that the forces of muammar gaddafi may be preparing to regain city's loss of a popular rebellion last week. ben brown is on the border between libya and tunisia. >> hello and welcome. we're live at the border with and asia. it has been overwhelmed by the surge of people flowing out of libya in the last few days. many of them are migrant workers from countries like egypt who are now stranded here at the border. thousands of them are unable to get home.
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just behind me, you can see people you are queuing up for bread that is being handed out by volunteers. aid agencies are warning of a growing humanitarian crisis. the un refugee agency is bringing in tons of high energy biscuits. there are many people sleeping here at night when temperatures plummet. disorder has grown. the tunisian army soldiers have been firing shots into the air to keep control of the situation. meanwhile, inside libya itself, colonel gaddafi has been insisting that he is loved by the libyan people. in response to that, the united states have said that he is delusional and unfit to lead. meanwhile, there is growing talk among world leaders of imposing a no-fly zone on libya. let's get more on this report. >> when the bbc's middle east
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editor jeremy bowen challenge to colonel gaddafi, the dictator was defiant. >> note demonstrations at all. did you see demonstrations? where? >> i saw some today. >> where? >> i saw them in zawiyah. >> no one is against me. for what? they love me. all my people, they love me. they will die to protect me, my people. >> the interview led the united states ambassador to the un, susan rice, described a dictator as delusional -- to describe the dictator as delusional. >> when he can laugh while slaughtering his own people, it only underscores how unfit
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he is to lead and how disconnected he is from reality. >> violent clashes continue across libya. the united states says exile would be an option for khaddafi. the pentagon and british government and its allies are considering military action, specifically a no-fly zone to prevent the gaddafi regime from attacking protesters in the air. in the west of libya, on the border with tunisia, aid agencies are warning of a humanitarian emergency and in the egyptian and tennessean -- denise and migrant workers. unrest is rising by the hour. >> let's talk more about the idea of imposing a no-fly zone on libya. we can discuss this with bob stewart, the military analyst
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and former british army commander who served in bosnia, joining me now from westminster. thank you for your time today. do you think a no-fly zone on the libyan regime of colonel gaddafi would work? we know he has been using his fighter planes to attack opposition areas in the east of the country. >> it would certainly work if it was set up properly. it would not be perfect. i operated underneath and knobs -- not fly zone when i was in bosnia. there were. serb jet -- there were instances of serb jets flying. would have to be set up properly and it would have to be led by the united states. british cannot do it alone. we do not have the assets. >> it it is a question of time, i suppose, to get the international coordination. yesterday, the libyan fighter
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jets were carrying out attacks in the east of the country. it could take days, at least, to get international agreement amongst nato countries to set up the no-fly zone. >> and united nations. united nation often works at the speed of the striking slug -- a striking slug. if they really wanted to do it, they could call in -- the president of the security council could get this moving. we need the authority of the world to get this going. planning is happening now. certainly, they will be planning, possibly basing in sicily, or in cyprus, or on board an aircraft carrier. that is the sort of operation we require. the planning will be going ahead. it will not mean anything will happen. it will take time. the time could be shortened if
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there is political will among the nation's that are prepared to be involved. it also requires the consent -- we have to imagine this -- the consent of the libyan people. if you bring down a libyan jet, that is an act of war. you have to be very careful. cannot just say, we're not operating on the ground, bring down a jet on to libyan soil, and it is an act of war. >> that could bring about greater military involvement, which is not necessarily what powers like britain and the united states are looking for. >> not only that, we cannot do it. the british are stretched enough as it is, and so are the united states. let's just ask -- who else could actually help here? let's see the arab world to think about what they might do. the trouble is, a lot of the arab world have got dictatorships as well. they are extremely worried. this is an extremely worrying development.
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the suggestion that there might be an air-exclusion zone, a no- fly zone, above libya is just a thought at the moment. don't think it is going to happen just like that. it will not. >> bob stewart, thank you very much for your time today. interesting to hear your analysis on that. let's talk about the allegations of human rights abuses by the gaddafi regime. a lot of those allegations are very hard to verify for western journalists, either inside or outside libya. the international committee of the red cross have come up with a new report. let's go to our correspondent in geneva. what can you tell us about those? >> i have just been to a briefing by all of the humanitarian agencies in geneva. the international committee of the red cross was there. they have a medical team in benghazi.
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they are saying very firmly they want to get their medical teams into the rest of the country. one thing they say they are especially concerned about is the fact that those medical staff and patients in -- injured patients in libya are not getting the care they need, some of them even being attacked. what a spokesman said this morning is, we have credible, but unconfirmed reports that patients have been executed in hospitals. we have reports of attacks on ambulances. there are reports of attacks on doctors. this is arguably, the world's most impartial, neutral, very confidential aid agency. they have said firmly that they are concerned about the situation for people in the conflict and for those trying to help them. >> so, they are looking for more access to those parts of libya. do they think they have any
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chance of that? >> the red cross always tries to talk with every party to a conflict. it is in contact, obviously, with the authorities in libya. they were quite firm. usually, the red cross -- red cross is quiet and impartial. they said this morning is high time -- we are 14 days into this crisis -- it is high time, that our doctors -- we only want to help. they want access to tripoli. they want access like they have in benghazi, where they are especially concerned at the number of bullet wounds to the head and chest that they have seen. >> ok, imogen. thanks very much indeed for bringing us up to date from geneva. some news just coming from the interfax news agency in moscow, quoting a source at the kremlin,
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saying that they feel that colonel gaddafi is a living political -- he should stand out. he has said to the bbc that he has no formal position of power in libya. he is not president. he is not an elected head of state. therefore, how can he stand now? that was his argument. he has no position to stand down from. >> here at the border, vast numbers of people continue to come across from libya, terrified that there is going to be further bloodshed and further violence. >and just to tell you that the united nations human rights organization is setting up a refugee operation here to try to help. >> ben brown there on the tunisian-libyan border.
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let's look at some of the other headlines. in yemen, thousands of anti- government protesters have continued to demonstrate in the capital, refusing to step down until president ali abdullah saleh resigned today have rejected an offer from the president to form a new government. there have been several weeks of daily protests in yemen, inspired by the uprisings in egypt and tunisia. an indian court has handed down 11 death sentences and 25 life prison terms to a group found guilty of setting a train on fire in 2002 in the western state of gujarat. almost 60 indian pilgrims died at the station. the incident sparked severe violence, leaving more than 1000 people dead. the chairman defense minister has resigned. karl-theodor zu guttenberg, a key ally of chancellor angela merkel, was stripped of his ph.d. degree last month after cleanse that he plagiarized part
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of his doctoral thesis. he denied the accusations, but voluntarily gave up his doctorate, which was later officially rescinded. still to come, the bbc talked to mrs. zealand prime minister one week after the devastating earthquake -- to the new zealand prime minister one week after the devastating earthquake. more than 5000 people have been left homeless by the landslide that swept through parts of the bolivian capital on sunday. officials say that 400 houses were destroyed. the president has visited the area for himself. >> two days since the landslide swept away the area. still, the weekend, deserted properties are collapsing. the infrastructure has been totally destroyed. the roads now lead nowhere. everywhere, those who remain
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have lost almost everything. this woman has lived here for years with her family, making ends meet by selling price and cookies from a small kiosk. like everything else, that is now in ruins. >> the entire area has disappeared. so many people have only the shirts on their backs. i had a small business. it was my whole life. it allowed me to afford to send my daughter to school, to pay for transport, and now i do not have that. >> the authorities say this is the worst disaster ever to have hit the city. most people worry -- were able to evacuate before the landslide struck. although no one was killed, almost everyone here had been left homeless. the damage is so bad that bolivia's president has come to fear for themselves. the lack of shelter has caused anger among some people.
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>> i have told the housing minister to find some place nearby so we can build some houses. once you have a roof over your head, we can all move forward. >> house and these people in the long term is there for the ambition. for now, their main concern is simply finding their next meal. >> this is "gmt" from "bbc world news." the bbc interviews colonel gaddafi. he laughs. he says the libyan people love him. tens of thousands of foreigners continue to converge on libya's western border with to meet as they try to flee violence -- tunisia as they tried to flee
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violence in the country. aftershocks have been felt in new zealand's christchurch. there are no reports of new damage. they have observed the two- minute moment of silence since the city was devastated by that earthquake a week ago. the entire country came to a halt. more than 150 people are known to be killed and many others are missing. police suggested that -- death toll is likely to reach as high as 240. one of our correspondents spoke to the new zealand prime minister about how his government plans to handle the massive task of rebuilding. >> it has been devastating from new zealand's perspective. we're going to come through this. we're going to rebuild. we are a very small, tight-knit community. we support one another. we are not a large country. >> you will determine then that christchurch will be rebuilt?
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you look at the damage and you have to wonder if it can be rebuilt. >> it certainly can be rebuilt and will be. it will be a very different city. we will lose a number of buildings. it will be a very substantial rebuilding. the numbers are around $20 billion new zealand, about 10 billion pounds. we have to look at what has gone wrong with these to the buildings, particularly, that have claimed a lot of lives. it would -- we can rebuild. it is an interesting thing to look at. right over the road, the contrast -- that new building, three years old, eight stories, made of glass, not one broken pane in it. we can build to a very high standard. >> you're aware that people are beginning to ask questions about the buildings that you mentioned. the extent to which they collapsed and the fact that they were given the all clear after
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september's earthquake. are there questions to be answered? >> i think people are right to ask those questions. we need to provide answers, particularly to the families who lost loved ones, and also for the reassurance that we are confident that building code is operating at the right level. >> looking ahead and more broadly for new zealand, this is the second city that has been devastated -- second city and it has been devastated. what impact will that have on the economy? >> we had no growth the back half of last year. we were in strong growth the first half of this year. now, that is likely to evaporate. we will be back to no growth again. that probably knox of our economy around in the order of about $15 billion -- knocks our economy around in the order of about $15 billion. we are supporting a lot of infrastructure. dear is no getting away from the
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economic implications -- there is no getting away from the economic implications impacting us. >> it is one week on. what would you say to the people who are still waiting for news of missing people? >> our hearts and thoughts go out to them. it is a time of enormous anxiety and fear for people. we're understand this. i think everybody understands that. the second thing is just that we stand shoulder-to-shoulder with them. we're going to give them whatever support is required. we need to give them the confidence that we're going to rebuild the city and that we're going to take a careful -- care for them required. >> new zealand's prime minister talking to one of our correspondents. talking about america's debt. >> who owns it and how much?
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the treasury has done a recalculation. china has bought more u.s. debt than originally thought. washington has revised its figures to show that beijing owns nearly one-third more than previously estimated. a new figure stands at just over $1.10 trillion. u.s. government is selling huge amounts of debt to finance its record budget deficit. one of our guests -- one of our correspondence from market watch explains the significant. >> it shows that china is confident in the u.s. economic recovery. otherwise, it would not be buying so much u.s. debt. also shows that there is ongoing appetite for u.s. debt. the u.s. government has quite a bit of debt to sell to finance its current-account deficit. >> ok. let's talk about these things. the world's big car companies are in geneva.
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the city's annual motor show is a big chance to show off the wild concept designs, as well as the models that are destined for our roads. sales have recovered for most of the big car makers, but the rising cost of fuel and raw materials is a big concern. fuel prices continue to rise. general motors says that customers will favor its smaller cars. the boss of gm in europe said there could still be problems ahead. >> if there is a serious biker in oil prices, over $130 -- despike in oil prices, over $130, it is going to have a serious impact. other prices are going up. the whole industry will have to respond with higher prices. >> that could mean more expensive cars. the markets around the world kind of got their nerve back on tuesday, following signs that the world's number one economy
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may be improving. of course, we're talking about the u.s. that is what oil is doing as we speak. >> thank you very much. let's return to our top story -- the uprising in libya. one of the key sources from libya has been through eyewitness accounts and updates on social networks. these are being monitored by the bbc's libya desk here in london. pascale harter is joined now. over to you. >> the latest information we're getting is that tripoli is quiet. we're hearing in a very worrying developments from residents who tell us that young men and boys as young as 14 are being abducted from off the street and their homes by pro-gaddafi forces. maybe they have taken part in protests. in the town of zawiyah, we're getting reports that there is still fighting going on. those areas are still in the
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hands of protesters. we hear from one eye witness we just spoke to. >> i'm looking directly at the west gate of zawiyah, where the pro-gaddafi supporters are trying to come in to zawiyah. it has started out. directly in front of me is black smoke. there have been three large explosions. >> in light of that kind of testimony, it is not surprising that we have had incredulity from people to colonel gaddafi's speech when he said that there are no demonstrations in the country. all my people love me. >> thank you very much. hollywood actress jane russell has died aged 89 in california. the brunette bombshell became a sex symbol in the 1940's, and was one of the most popular box office stars. we look back at her life. >> really, you mustn't. you hurt yourself.
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>> the phrase "mean, moody, and magnificent" was first coined for joining us all -- forging russell -- for jane russell. one hollywood christian group banned the film for two years. she was discovered by howard hughes. he designed a special rule just for her. >> it was a contraption, not comfortable, not wearable. i did not want to do 103 takes on that. i just wore my own. i put some kleenex across the seams. i threw is under the bed and i went out. >> she led bible study at the hollywood christian group. she had real talent, especially when paired with the right
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leading man. >> we ought to get along fine. i'm a gambler myself. >> how do you like to play? >> if i told you, you wouldn't believe me. i've been telling friends who are full figure like me, you have to try the jane russell bra. >> even when her film career was over, her figure was her fortune. a string of musicals in the 1950's added to her on-screen persona. she was one of hollywood's most popular stars. >> ♪ tonight [applause] >> that almost it for this edition of "gmt." the top story is the libyan crisis. but the more on our website. stay with nbc news, theres -- bbc news, tehre's a l-- there's
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a lot more to come. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of
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companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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